wahyuningsih wahyuningsih, Muhammad Arhim, Agus Purwanto


Ecosystem damage leading to ecological changes in coastal and marine areas has direct implications for society in that region. Response is the first step of an adaptation strategy by society that is resulted from understanding via the impact of ecological changes that occured. This study was conducted to find out how fishermen adopt strategy through ecological changes in coastal and marine areas that located in Tanakeke Island Takalar Regency South Sulawesi Province using social network approach as an option of adaptation strategy. The result showed that there are some of adaptation strategies, but social networks is by far the most effective adaptation strategy for Tanakeke Island fishermen households due to the fact that there is a strong interaction among fishermen in that community. Kinship, cooperation, and mutual trust can be used as a basic to perform social networks in Tanakeke Island fishermen community. Moreover, there is still relatively high emotional ties among Tanakeke Island fishermen based on the principle of kinship, brotherhood, and neighbourhood values for giving opportunity to build and utilize social network functions. The forms of social networks in Tanakeke Island fishermen community are kinship horizontal network (bonding), mixture of friendship and neighbourhood horizontal network (bridging), and vertical network between patron and client (linking). The usage of these social networks as an adaptation strategy to ecological changes in Kepulauan Tanakeke coastal and marine areas are to anticipate family hardship or economic pressure in order to maintain the survival of Tanakeke island fishermen.

Full Text:



Abdoellah, Oekan Anthropology S. 2012. Ecology: Concepts, Theory and Applications in the Context of Sustainable Development. AIPI Bandung, Central Research Commission LPPM Padjadjaran University in Bandung, and M63 Foundation. Bandung.

Asih, Sri. Fishermen Bontang 2014. Adaptation Strategy Kuala.PSMIL Padjadjaran University. Duo

Ayunita, Dian NND and Hapsari, Trisnani Dwi. 2012. Analysis of Perception and Public Participation in the Management of Coastal Marine Conservation Area (KKLD) Ujung Negoro Batang. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University of Diponegoro. Semarang.

Environment Agency (BLH) District Takalar. 2015. Regional Environmental Status (SLHD) District Takalar. The District Government Takalar

Creswell, J.W. 2009. Research Design Approach Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed. Student Library. Yogyakarta.

Dahuri, R. 2000. Strategy and Program Management of Coastal and Marine Resource Indonesia. Training Proceedings of ICZM. Repository Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor

Darmawan, AH. 2007. Cultural Anthropology, Environmental Sociology and Political Ecology. Bogor Agricultural Institute.

Hardoyo, S. 2011. Community Adaptation Strategies in the Face of Sea Water Flood tides in Pekalongan. Masters in Planning and Management of Coastal and Watershed (MPPDAS), Faculty of Geography, UGM. Yogyakarta.

Hutapea, David Daniel. 2013. Fishermen Coastal Adaptation Strategy Sibolga to Environmental Change Coastal Sibolga, North Sumatra. University of Padjadjaran Bandung.

Helmi, Alfian., Satria Arif. Fishermen 2012. Adaptation Strategy to Ecological Change. Department of Communication Science and Community Development, Faculty of Human Ecology. Bogor Agricultural Institute. Bogor.

Iskandar, Johan. 2009. Human Ecology and Sustainable Development. Master of Environmental Sciences, University of Padjadjaran. Bandung.

Kusnadi. 2000. Fishermen: Adaptation Strategies and Social Networks. Top Humanities Press. Bandung.

Kusnadi. Fishermen 2002. Social Conflict: Poverty and seizure of Fisheries Resources. PT. LKIS Rainbow Literacy. Bandung.

Kusnadi. 2006 Coastal Community empowerment philosophy. Top Humanities Press. Bandung.

Kusnadi. Defending 2013. Fishermen. Graha Science. Yogyakarta.

Lekatompessy, Hendri Stenli., Nessa, M. Natsir. Arief, Andi Adri. Fishermen Adaptation Strategy 2013. Small Island against Ecological Change. Hasanuddin University. Makassar

Moeis, Sharif. 2008. Ecology of Coastal Community Adaptation South West Java An Analysis of Culture. UPI Bandung.

Takalar regency. 2014 Coastal Zone Management Plan and Small Islands (RP-WP3K). The District Government Takalar South Sulawesi.

Saharuddin. 2007. Anthropology ecology. In: Adiwibowo S, editor. Human Ecology. Faculty of Human Ecology Press. Bogor.

Satria, A. 2007. Political Ecology. Adiwibowo S (ed.) 2007. Human Ecology. Bogor: Faculty of Human Ecology IPB.

Satria, A. 2009a. Fisheries Globalization: Repositioning Indonesia. Bogor: IPB Press.

Satria, A. 2009b. Coastal and for the People. Bogor: IPB Press.

Sugiyono. 2014. Research Methods Combined (Mixed Methods). Alfabeta. Bandung.

Yuliastry, Intan. 2013. Poverty and Adaptation Strategies sebuku Fishermen in South Kalimantan Kotabaru District. Bogor: Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural Universit


  • There are currently no refbacks.